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On This Day In History. What Happened Today In History

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  • #46
    On This Day In History– 26 November

    1493 Christopher Columbus returns to La Navidad colony, finding it destroyed by the 1st native American uprising against Spanish rule. Taíno cacique Caonabo led his people to attack the settlement after the brutal treatment they received from the garrison who disobeyed Columbus's orders.
    1817 US soldiers attack Florida Indian village, beginning Seminole War
    1826 John Walker invents friction match in England
    1895 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel's will establishes the Nobel Prize
    1944 US 121st Infantry regiment opens assault on Hurtgen
    1953 Indians 3rd baseman Al Rosen is unanimously named AL's MVP
    1971 Soviet Mars 2 becomes 1st spacecraft to crash land on Mars
    1989 US 63rd manned space mission STS 33 (Discovery 9) returns from space
    1991 Undertaker beats Hulk Hogan to become new WWF champ
    2013 "Frozen", the highest-grossing animated film of all time, starring Idina Menzel and Kristen Bell, is released
    2014 Cricketer Phillip Hughes dies two days after being struck on the head by a bouncer


    • #47
      27 November 1999 - Helen Clark becomes first elected female Prime Minister of New Zealand.


      • #48
        1975 East Timor independence

        East Timor declared its independence from Portugal

        1967 First pulsar observed

        Graduate student Jocelyn Bell and her advisor Antony Hewish at Cambridge University were the first people to observe and discover pulsars. Pulsars are rapidly spinning neutron magnetized stars that emit radiation.


        • #49
          On This Day In History

          1972 Atari Releases Pong
          One of the very first arcade games to hit the market, Pong was a 1 or 2 player video game similar to tennis, where the goal is to use a paddle to hit a ball. Around 35000 Pong consoles were sold around the world.

          1951 Silent Coup in Thailand
          The Thai military took over the country's governance and reinstated the 1932 Constitution.

          1929 First flight over the South Pole
          American explorer Richard Byrd became the first person to fly over the South Pole. The flight took just over 18 hours. 3 years ago, Byrd flew over the North Pole, though there is some debate whether he actually accomplished the feat.

          1899 FC Barcelona founded
          The popular football (soccer) club was founded by footballer Hans Gamper. Informally known as Barça, the club is thought to be one of the top 5 richest football clubs in the world. The club has won 4 European Cups (1978-79, 1981-82, 1988-89, 1996-97) and is a 5 time Champions League winner (1991-92, 2005-06, 2008-09, 2010-11, 2014-15).

          1777 City of San Jose Founded
          The first city to be settled in California, San Jose was founded as San José de Guadalupe. Before the Spanish settled in the city, the area was inhabited by the Ohlone people. San Jose was the first capital of the state of California, which was established in 1850.

          Births On This Day – 29 November

          1969 Mariano Rivera
          Panamanian baseball player

          1964 Don Cheadle
          American actor, producer

          1932 Jacques Chirac
          French politician, 22nd President of France

          1898 C. S. Lewis
          Irish author, poet

          1835 Empress Dowager Cixi
          of China

          Deaths On This Day – 29 November

          2001 George Harrison
          English singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer

          1975 Graham Hill
          English race car driver

          1780 Maria Theresa
          Austrian wife of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor

          1682 Prince Rupert of the Rhine
          1632 Frederick V, Elector Palatine
          Bohemian king


          • #50
            On This Day In History

            1982 Michael Jackson’s Thriller is released worldwide
            Thought to be the best selling album of all time, the album, which had 9 tracks, won 8 Grammy Awards, including the award for Album of the Year in 1984.

            1947 Civil War in Palestine
            Also known as the Civil War in Mandatory Palestine, the conflict began the day after the United Nations General Assembly voted on a resolution that provided a partition plan for Palestine. The war was wracked by violence which began on November 30 after two buses full of Israeli passengers were attacked by Arab gunmen and snipers shot pedestrians in Tel Aviv. On May 14, Israel declared itself an independent state and on May 15, the Civil War turned into a regional war after a coalition of Arab states that included Egypt, Jordan, and Syria, joined the conflict.

            1940 Stars of I Love Lucy marry
            Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz of the popular American comedy sitcoms, I Love Lucy and The Lucy and Desi Comedy Show married in real life. They were married for 20 years.

            1939 The Winter War begins
            The 4-month long war between Finland and the Soviet Union began after the USSR invaded Finland and bombed Helsinki. The conflict ended on March 30, 1940, with the two countries signing the Moscow Peace Treaty. In retaliation for its actions, the Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations.

            1872 First international football (soccer) match
            The match between England and Scotland was held at West of Scotland Cricket Club in Partick, Scotland. The game ended with a 0-0 draw.

            Births On This Day – 30 November

            1990 Magnus Carlsen
            Norwegian chess player

            1978 Clay Aiken
            American singer, actor

            1874 Winston Churchill
            English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Nobel Prize laureate

            1835 Mark Twain
            American author

            1813 Charles-Valentin Alkan
            French composer

            Deaths On This Day – 30 November

            2018 George H. W. Bush
            American politician, 41st President of the United States

            2007 Evel Knievel
            American motorcycle stuntman

            1979 Zeppo Marx
            American actor, agent

            1935 Fernando Pessoa
            Portuguese poet

            1900 Oscar Wilde
            Irish author, poet, playwright


            • #51
              1948- The Soviet Union complete the division of Berlin, installing the government in the Soviet sector.
              US President Bill Clinton signs the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (better known as the Brady Bill) into law.


              • #52
                On This Day In History – 2 December

                2001 Enron Files for Bankruptcy
                The Houston, Texas-based energy company filed for Chapter Eleven bankruptcy after reports of widespread accounting fraud became public. At that time, the company became the largest company in the history of the United States to declare bankruptcy.

                1988 Benazir Bhutto is sworn in as Prime Minister
                Benazir Bhutto takes office as Pakistan's Prime Minister, becoming the first woman PM of Pakistan.

                1982 First artificial heart transplant
                Barney Clark became the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart. The surgery occurred at the University of Utah Medical Center. Clark lived for 112 days after the transplant.

                1939 LaGuardia Airport in New York City opens its doors
                The airport was named after New York Mayor Fiorello La Guardia. American Airlines was the first carrier to regularly provide passenger service.

                1804 Napoleon is crowned Emperor of France
                Napoleon Bonaparte had risen through the ranks of the French army during the French revolution and became one of the most influential political figures of his era. His self-coronation as Napoleon I took place in Notre Dame in Paris, France.

                Births On This Day – 2 December

                1981 Britney Spears

                American singer-songwriter, dancer, actress

                1978 Nelly Furtado
                Canadian singer-songwriter, producer

                1923 Maria Callas
                Greek soprano

                1825 Pedro II of Brazil
                1760 John Breckinridge

                American politician, 5th United States Attorney General

                Deaths On This Day – 2 December

                1993 Pablo Escobar
                Colombian drug lord

                1990 Aaron Copland
                American composer

                1985 Philip Larkin
                English poet

                1859 John Brown
                American activist

                1814 Marquis de Sade
                French author, politician


                • #53
                  1804- Napoleon Bonaparte crowns himself Emperor of France in Notre Dame Cathedral.
                  1927- The new Ford Model A is introduced to the American public.
                  1982- Dentist Barney Clark receives the first permanent artificial heart, developed by Dr. Robert K. Jarvik.
                  1999- UK devolves political power in Northern Ireland to the Northern Ireland Executive, the administrative branch of the North Ireland legislature.


                  • #54
                    On This Day In History– 26 November

                    1697 St Paul's Cathedral, designed by Sir Christopher Wren is consecrated for use (previous building destroyed in the Great Fire of London)
                    1812 James Madison re-elected President of the US, Elbridge Gerry Vice-President
                    1845 Manifest Destiny: US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West
                    1867 In a New York City theater, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States
                    1887 International Baseball League disbands; teams in Syracuse, Toronto, Hamilton, and Buffalo form the International Association; those in Newark, Jersey City, Wilkes-Barre, and Scranton become the Central League
                    1899 US & Germany agree to divide Samoa between them
                    1907 Association of Football Players' and Trainers' Union (English Professional Football Players' Association) is formed by Charlie Roberts and Billy Meredith in Manchester, England
                    1927 1st Model A Ford sold, for $385
                    1941 Largest roller skating rink (outside of NYC) opens in Peekskill, New York
                    1941 Japanese Marshal Admiral Yamamoto sends his fleet to Pearl Harbor
                    1942 World’s 1st self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction occurs in Chicago Pile-1 (world's 1st nuclear reactor) at the University of Chicago, overseen by Enrico Fermi
                    1943 First RSHA (Reichssicherheitshauptamt - Nazi Reich Security Head Office) transport out of Vienna reaches Birkenau camp
                    1944 10th Heisman Trophy Award: Les Horvath, Ohio State (QB)
                    1982 1st permanent artificial heart successfully implanted (U of Utah) in retired dentist Barney Clark; lived 112 days with Jarvis-7 heart
                    1988 "Naked Gun" movie based on TV's "Police Squad" premieres
                    2013 "The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug", 2nd film in the Hobbit series, directed by Peter Jackson, starring Martin Freeman and Ian McKellen, premieres in Los Angeles
                    2014 Stephen Hawking claims that Artificial Intelligence could be a "threat to mankind" and spell the end of the human race
                    2014 Elizabeth Lauten, an aide to a Republican congressman resigns after her online criticism of President Barack Obama's teenage daughters


                    • #55
                      On This Day In History– 3 December

                      1984 Bhopal Gas Disaster
                      A gas leak from a Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant in the city of Bhopal, India killed over 2000 people and affected thousands of others. It is said to be the world's worst industrial disaster.

                      1970 Ayatollah Khomeini takes office
                      The Iranian religious leader was a leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution.

                      1927 First Laurel & Hardy movie released
                      Putting Pants on Philip, a short silent film starring the comedy duo marked the beginning of a long partnership.

                      1910 First public demonstration of neon lights
                      Seen in most urban settings and cities today, the neon light was invented by French inventor and engineer, Georges Claude. They were first displayed at the Paris Motor Show.

                      1818 Illinois joins the Union
                      The midwestern state became the 21st state to be part of the United State. 3 U.S. presidents call it their home state.

                      Births On This Day – 3 December

                      1985 Amanda Seyfried
                      American actress, singer

                      1981 David Villa
                      Spanish footballer

                      1895 Anna Freud
                      Austrian/English psychoanalyst

                      1857 Joseph Conrad
                      Polish/English author

                      1826 George B. McClellan
                      American general, politician, 24th Governor of New Jersey

                      Deaths On This Day – 3 December

                      1939 Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll
                      1928 Ezra Meeker

                      American businessman

                      1910 Mary Baker Eddy
                      American writer, founder of Christian Science

                      1894 Robert Louis Stevenson
                      Scottish author, poet

                      311 Diocletian
                      Roman emperor


                      • #56
                        1992 ---- A test engineer for Sema Group sends the world's first text message, using a personal computer and the Vodafone network.


                        • #57
                          On This Day In History– 4 December

                          1991 Pan Am ceases operations
                          The Pan American World Airways, the largest airline in the United States began operations in October 1927.

                          1982 China adopts its current constitution
                          The Constitution of the People's Republic of China replaced the Constitutions of 1954, 1975, and 1978.

                          1980 Led Zeppelin disbands
                          The British rock band announced that it was disbanding 12 years after coming on the music scene after the death of drummer John Bonham.

                          1978 Dianne Feinstein became the first female mayor of San Francisco
                          A United States Senator from California, Feinstein became the 38th mayor of San Francisco after the murder of George Moscone.

                          1791 First Sunday paper published
                          The Observer, a British newspaper became the first newspaper in the world to be published and read on a Sunday.

                          Births On This Day – 4 December

                          1969 Jay-Z
                          American rapper, producer, actor, co-founded Roc-A-Fella Records

                          1964 Marisa Tomei
                          American actress

                          1949 Jeff Bridges
                          American actor, singer, producer

                          1923 Charles Keating
                          American lawyer, businessman

                          1892 Francisco Franco
                          Spanish general, politician, Caudillo of Spain

                          Deaths On This Day – 4 December

                          1993 Frank Zappa
                          American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer

                          1976 Benjamin Britten
                          English composer, conductor, pianist

                          1975 Hannah Arendt
                          German/American theorist, philosopher

                          1893 John Tyndall
                          British physicist

                          1123 Omar Khayyám
                          Persian mathematician, astronomer, poet


                          • #58
                            On This Day In History– 5 December

                            2005 UK's Civil Partnership Act of 2004 comes into force
                            UK's Civil Partnership Act of 2004 came into force almost a year after it was passed.

                            1977 Egypt breaks all relations with Arab countries
                            President Anwar al-Sadat broke all relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, and South Yemen in response to these countries and the Palestinian Liberation Organization signing the Declaration of Tripoli. The declaration followed Sadat's visit to Israel.

                            1936 Establishment of the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic
                            The Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic was established as a republic of the Soviet Union.

                            1933 End of prohibition in the U.S.
                            A national ban on alcohol in the U.S. first instituted in 1920 by the 18th amendment, ended on this day after the ratification of the 21st amendment.

                            1766 Christie's hold their first sale
                            Art auction house Christie's founder James Christie made his first art sale.

                            Births On This Day – 5 December

                            1975 Ronnie O'Sullivan
                            English snooker player

                            1927 Bhumibol Adulyadej
                            Thai king

                            1907 Lin Biao
                            Chinese military officer, politician, Vice Premier of the People's Republic of China

                            1901 Walt Disney
                            American animator, director, screenwriter, producer, co-founded The Company

                            1901 Werner Heisenberg
                            German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate

                            Deaths On This Day – 5 December

                            2012 Dave Brubeck
                            American pianist, composer

                            2007 Karlheinz Stockhausen
                            German composer

                            1950 Sri Aurobindo
                            Indian philosopher

                            1891 Pedro II of Brazil
                            1791 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

                            Austrian composer


                            • #59
                              On This Day In History– 5 December

                              1492 Christopher Columbus discovers Hispaniola (El Espanola/Haiti)
                              1623 First copies purchased of William Shakespeare's First Folio, collecting his plays posthumously into one volume, bought by Edward Dering
                              1717 English pirate Blackbeard ransacks the merchant sloop "Margaret" and keeps her captain, Henry Bostock prisoner for 8 hours before releasing him. Bostock later provides 1st record of Blackbeard's appearance and the source for his name
                              1757 Battle of Leuthen: Prussian army beats Austrians
                              1766 World's largest auction house - Christie's held their first sale in their permanent saleroom in Pall Mall, London
                              1792 George Washington re-elected as US President
                              1848 US President James K. Polk triggers Gold Rush of 1849 by confirming a gold discovery in California
                              1868 1st American bicycle college opens (NY)
                              1879 1st automatic telephone switching system patented
                              1892 Sir John Thompson becomes the fourth Prime Minister of Canada.
                              1928 England defeats Australia by record 675 runs at Brisbane
                              1929 1st US nudist organization, the American League for Physical Culture in New York City
                              1932 German physicist
                              Albert Einstein granted a visa to enter America
                              1941 US aircraft carrier Lexington and 5 heavy cruisers leave Pearl Harbor
                              1942 West Indies chocolate/coffee drop above Netherland
                              Historic bus boycott begins in Montgomery Alabama by Rosa Parks
                              1957 President Sukarno of Indonesia expels all Dutch people.
                              1974 1st World Football League Bowl, Birmingham Americans beat Florida
                              1975 NASA launches space vehicle S-196, it failed
                              1983 12 killed by a car bomb shattering 9-story building in west Beirut
                              2002 "The Two Towers" 2nd Lord of the Rings film directed by Peter Jackson and starring Elijah Wood and Ian McKellen premieres in New York


                              • #60
                                1904 - The Japanese destroy a Russian fleet at Port Arthur in Korea.

                                1916 - David Lloyd George replaces Herbert Asquith as the British prime minister.