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  • On This Day In History– 11 January 2020



    532 Nika riots begin in Constantinople, revolt against Emperor Justinian I, prompted by chariot racing
    1099 Crusaders set fire to Mara, Syria
    1610 Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter
    1630 Letters Patent issued to Plymouth Colony
    1630 Chinese Emperor Chongzhen orders the arrest of military general Yuan Chonghuan
    1695 Jonathan Swift ordained an Anglican priest in Ireland
    1785 John Walter publishes 1st issue of "The Times" of London
    1830 Great fire in New Orleans thought to be set by rebel slaves
    1842 Dr William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
    1849 Vancouver Island granted to Hudson's Bay Company
    1882 Richard Wagner completes his opera "Parsifal"
    1883 Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430
    1894 Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops
    1895 Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband" premieres in London
    1903 Rhodes Opera House burns in Boyertown, Pennsylvania killing 170
    1908 Henri Farman becomes the first person to fly an observed circuit of more than 1km, winning the Grand Prix d'Aviation
    1923 Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 stormtroopers and denounces the 'November crime'
    1939 Belgian premier signs Burgos Treaty for trade relations with Franco's Spain
    1942 Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies
    1942 World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter
    1943 Adolf Hitler declares "Total War" against the Allies
    1953 Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14
    1957 "All that Fall", a first radio play by Samuel Beckett, aired on BBC Third Programme
    1966 1st black selected for presidential cabinet (LBJ selects Robert C Weaver-HUD)
    1967 Rolling Stones appear again on The Ed Sullivan Show
    1972 An army commander stages a bloodless coup in Ghan, while the prime minister is in London
    1978 NASA selects its first American women astronauts
    1989 Computers across Britain hit by "Friday the 13th"/Jerusalem virus
    1989 Subway vigilante Bernhard Goetz begins 1-year jail sentence
    2000 Microsoft chairman Bill Gates steps aside as chief executive and promotes company president Steve Ballmer to the position
    2003 30th American Music Awards: Sheryl Crow & Eminem win
    2016 Record Powerball lottery held in America - $1.6 billion, (3 winning tickets)
    2019 Houston guard James Harden scores 38 points in Rockets' 116-108 loss to Orlando; 16th straight game with 30+ points matching Kobe Bryant's NBA record streak; also goes 1 for 17 from the 3-point arc, tying the record for most misses

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      • 1641 United East Indian Company conquers city of Malacca, 7,000 killed
      • 1724 Spanish King Philip V abdicates throne
      • 1761 Third Battle of Panipat: In one of the largest battles of the century, the mostly Muslim Afghani Durrani Empire defeats the mostly Hindu Maratha Empire in Northern India. An estimated 60,000–70,000 were killed in the fighting and about 40,000 Maratha prisoners massacred afterwards.
      • 1784 US Revolutionary War ends with the US Congress of the Confederation ratifying the Treaty of Paris
      • 2011 Tunisian president Ben Ali, flees to Saudi Arabia after popular protests known as the Jasmine Revolution

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      • 1811---In a secret session, Congress plans to annex Spanish East Florida.

        1913----The first telephone line between Berlin and New York is inaugurated.

        1936---In London, Japan quits all naval disarmament talks after being denied equality.

        1973---Four of six remaining Watergate defendants plead guilty.

        1976---Sara Jane Moore sentenced to life in prison for her failed attempt to assassinate US President Gerald Ford.

        1991----Britain's Queen Elizabeth II approves Australia instituting its own Victoria Cross honours system, the first county in the British Commonwealth permitted to do so.



        Last edited by harpreetkaur; 01-15-2020, 10:02 AM.

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        • On This Day In History– 15 January 2020



          708 Sisinnius begins his reign as Pope (dies 20 days later)
          1535 Henry VIII declares himself head of the Church in England
          1541 King Francis I of France commissions Jean-Francois Roberval to settle the province of New France
          1559 Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey
          1562 3rd sitting of Council of Trente opens
          1780 American Continental Congress establishes court of appeals
          1782 Robert Morris, Superintendent of Finance, recommends to U.S. Congress establishment of decimal coinage and a national mint
          1797 1st top hat worn by John Etherington of London
          1846 Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky's first novel "Poor Folk" is published in the St Petersburg Collection almanac
          1870 Donkey first used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly
          1892 Basketball rules first published in Triangle Magazine, written by James Naismith
          1915 Sydney, Kern & Smith's musical "Love o' Mike" premieres in NYC
          1922 Arthur Griffith is elected president of the Irish Free State after Eamon de Valera resigns in opposition to the Anglo-Irish Treaty (De Valera will lead a military opposition seeking a unified and independent Ireland)
          1934 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 die
          1942 Chicago Cubs drop plans to install lights at Wrigley Field because of military's need for materials; takes 35 years before lights finally installed at the venerable ballpark
          1943 World's largest office building, the Pentagon is completed to house the US military
          1945 The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory
          1948 "The Treasure of the Sierra Madre", film based on B. Traven's novel, directed by John Huston and starring Humphrey Bogart premieres
          1965 Soviet underground nuclear test creates the atomic lake Chagan, Kazakhstan
          1969 Nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
          1972 World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Frazier stops Terry Daniels in 4 rounds in New Orleans to retain his WBC and WBA titles
          1973 US President Richard Nixon suspends all US offensive action in North Vietnam
          1976 Sara Jane Moore sentenced to life for attempting to shoot US President Gerald Ford
          1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
          1993 7.5 earthquake strikes northern Japan, killing 2 people
          1998 NASA announces John Glenn, 76, may fly in space again
          2001 Wikipedia a free Wiki or content encyclopedia is launched by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger
          2013 83 people are killed and 150 are injured in a rocket attack on Aleppo University, Syria
          2019 LGBTQ activists accuse the Russian republic of Chechnya of a new gay purge with 40 detained and two killed
          2019 Beginning of humanity's largest gathering, the Kumbh Mela Hindu festival with 15 million people bathing at the joining of Ganges and Yamuna rivers, India. 120 million expected over next 49 days.

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          • 1547---Ivan IV crowns himself the new Czar of Russia in Assumption Cathedral in Moscow.
            1900----The U.S. Senate recognizes the Anglo-German Treaty of 1899 by which the UK renounced its rights to the Samoan Islands.
            1920----The League of Nations holds its first meeting in Paris
            1945---The U.S. First and Third armies link up at Houffalize, effectively ending the battle of the bulge
            1975----The Irish Republican Army calls an end to a 25-day cease-fire in Belfast.



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            • On This Day In History– 17 January 2020



              1524 Beginning of Giovanni da Verrazzano's voyage to find a passage to China
              1536 Francois Rabelais absolved of apostasy by Pope Paul III
              1584 Bohemia adopts Gregorian calendar
              1595 King Henry IV of France declares war on Spain
              1746 Battle of Falkirk Muir, the Jacobites under Charles Stuart defeat Hanoverian forces
              1773 Captain James Cook becomes 1st to cross Antarctic Circle (66° 33' S)
              1775 9 old women burnt as witches for causing bad harvests in Kalisk, Poland
              1821 Mexico permits Moses Austin and 300 US families to settle in Texas after his death leaves to son Stephen
              1852 British recognize the independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
              1864 General James Longstreet's command ends heavy fighting at Dandridgem, Tennessee
              1882 1st Dutch female physician Aletta Jacobs opens her office
              1893 -17°F (-27°C), Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
              1895 French president Casimir-Perier resigns; Félix Faure installed.
              1904 Anton Chekhov's play "Cherry Orchard" opens at Moscow Art Theater
              1912 Captain Robert Scott's expedition arrives at the South Pole, one month after Roald Amundsen
              1914 Gerhart Hauptmann's play "Der Bogen des Odysseus" premieres in Berlin
              1915 Battle of Sarikamish ends with a Russian victory over Ottoman forces led by Enver Pasha with loss of over 30,000 men of the Turkish Third Army during Caucasus Campaign
              1917 US pays Denmark $25 million for Virgin Islands (or 3/21)
              1938 Supreme Soviet elects Michail Kalinin as praesidium chairman
              1938 Joseph P. Kennedy becomes the 44th United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom
              1945 Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
              1945 Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears German resistance
              1949 "The Goldbergs", first airs in the US on CBS
              1954 Jacques Cousteau's 1st network telecast airs on "Omnibus" (CBS)
              1962 NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 40,690m
              1966 Martin Luther King Jr. opens campaign in Chicago
              1976 "I Write the Songs" by Barry Manilow hits #1
              1978 After a tumultuous final tour The Sex Pistols break up as a band, which is announced the following day
              1980 NASA launches Fltsatcom-3
              1994 6.6 Earthquake hits Los Angeles killing 60, $30B in damage
              2000 27th American Music Awards: Shania Twain & Will Smith win
              2010 67th Golden Globes: Avatar, Jeff Bridges, Sandra Bullock win
              2013 4 people are killed and over 2,000 are evacuated after a massive flood hits Jakarta, Indonesia
              2013 Japan unveils plans to build the world’s largest wind farm near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant
              2017 US President Barack Obama commutes WikiLeaks discloser Chelsea Manning's prison sentence from 35 to 7 years
              2019 Indian spiritual leader Ram Rahim Singh and two aides sentenced to life in prison for murdering journalist who exposed sexual abuse at the sect
              2019 Indian spiritual leader Ram Rahim Singh and two aides sentenced to life in prison for murdering a journalist who exposed sexual abuse at the sect

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              • On This Day In History– 17 January 2020



                1733 1st polar bear exhibited in America in Boston
                1777 San Jose in California founded
                1778 Captain James Cook stumbles over Sandwich Islands (Hawaiian Islands)
                1779 John Dickinson is appointed a delegate for Delaware to the Continental Congress
                1788 First elements of the First Fleet carrying 736 convicts from England to Australia arrives at Botany Bay to set up a penal colony
                1795 Governor and Viceroy Willem V flees Scheveningen to England
                1850 British blockade Piraeus, Greece, to enforce mercantile claims
                1865 Battle of Ft Moultrie, South Carolina
                1869 Elegant California Theater opens in San Francisco
                1871 Second German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Otto von Bismarck
                1886 Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England
                1896 1st demonstration of an X-ray machine in the US (NYC)
                1903 The first transatlantic radio transmission to originate in the United States is sent by a transmitter in Massachusetts
                1913 Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy
                1916 A 611-gram chondrite type meteorite strikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri
                1919 The Paris peace conference (aka the Versailles peace conference) opens to draw up the treaties formally ending the Great War (WWI)
                1919 Composer and musician Ignacy Jan Paderewski becomes Polish Prime Minister
                1947 Detroit Tigers sell Hank Greenberg to Pirates (for $25-35,000)
                1949 1st US Congressional standing committee headed by Negro (W Dawson)
                1960 US & Japan sign joint defence treaty
                1963 Al Davis becomes the head coach and general manager of the Oakland Raiders
                1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
                1974 Israel & Egypt sign weapons accord
                1980 Gold reaches $1,000 an ounce
                1981 Iran accepts US offer of $7.9 billion in frozen assets
                1989 IBM announces earnings up 10.4% in 1988
                1990 Washington, D.C., Mayor Marion Barry arrested in drug enforcement sting
                1991 Iraq launches SCUD missiles against Israel
                1993 Martin Luther King Jr. holiday observed in all 50 states of the USA for 1st time
                2005 The world's largest commercial jet, the Airbus A380, is unveiled in France
                2009 NFC Championship, University of Phoenix Stadium: Arizona Cardinals beat Philadelphia Eagles, 32-25
                2013 Former New Orleans mayor Ray Nagin is indicted on corruption charges stemming from post-Hurricane Katrina business contracts and bribes
                2016 World's 62 richest people are now as wealthy as half the world's population according to a report published by Oxfam
                2017 NASA and NOAA announced that 2016 was the hottest year on record, surpassing the previous record set in 2015 which itself topped a record set in
                2018 Brazilian surfer Maya Gabeira rides the largest-ever wave by a female surfer at 20.72 m (68 ft) at Praia do Norte in Nazaréin, Portugal

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